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How Cloud Computing Works and It's Benefits

August 22 2019
Author: Blogauthor

“Cloud is about how you do your computing, not where you do computing.”-Paul Maritz, CEO of VM Ware

Stats reveal that a whopping 90% of the companies are on the Cloud! (Source: hostgingtribunal.com) Well! I guess we need to accept that the cloud is already mainstream in 2019!

There is so much of talk about the cloud, with many organizations already adopting cloud and many waiting to join the bandwagon.

What Exactly is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing entails outsourcing software, data storage, and data processing to a third party or to a cloud host. Users can access the Apps and files through using any device through the internet. Data and programs that are hosted by the third party are available on a secure data center of a global data network.

Cloud computing facilitates sharing and collaboration of data, allowing secure mobile access of data through any device at anytime from anywhere.

Cloud computing is not just limited to desktops and PCs, mobile clouds have also emerged lately. The mobile cloud can be understood as internet-based data, apps, and related services accessed through smartphones, laptops, and other portable devices.

How does Cloud Computing Work?

To get a clear picture of the cloud system, you can visualize it as comprising of two parts:

Front End: This is where the user/client interacts with the cloud. The front end usually consists of the user’s computer and the App necessary for accessing the cloud computing system.

Back End: This is the “Cloud” section. It consists of computers, servers, and data storage systems. The back end has dedicated servers for performing specific programs.

The front end and back end interact with each other via the internet.

How Cloud Servers and Cloud Storage Facilitate Cloud Computing:

Cloud Servers

Cloud computing is facilitated by cloud servers which are virtual servers in a cloud computing environment. These servers are built and hosted in a cloud computing platform and are capable of running and functioning as independent units.

The concept of cloud hosting entails spreading the resources required for maintaining your website across multiple servers so that they can be accessed according to the needs of the user.

Since each server carries out a separate function, in case of a malfunction by one server, other servers provide a back-up. This reduces the chances of downtimes. Besides, it helps you manage peak loads without being concerned about bandwidth issues.

Cloud Storage

Cloud Storage is when a cloud service provider maintains, manages, and backs up data remotely. This data can be accessed by users through the internet.

Cloud storage is of three types depending on who owns the infrastructure:

Private Cloud:

It is meant for internal use by a single organization.

Public Cloud:

In this case, cloud services are delivered across the internet.

Hybrid Cloud:

This is when an organization uses both public and private cloud.

The average business runs 38% of workloads in public and 41% in private clouds. (Source: RightScale)

Cloud storage providers provide coverage to meet unique recovery and budget requirements while allowing data to be accessed anytime, anywhere. The cloud storage is equipped to enable disaster recovery.

Irrespective of the cloud host, the organization using cloud services needs to have effective cloud management so as to control over these cloud computing environments. This will enable users to access the public or private cloud, review cloud computing instances or create new ones. Besides, it will also enable adjustment of resource allocation.

Cloud management also empowers workflow automation and ongoing analysis of cloud computing workloads and user experience.

A study by International Data Group reveals that 69% of businesses are already using Cloud solutions and 18% are planning to implement cloud technology in the near future.

If you are debating if you should migrate to the cloud, it is a good idea to weigh the pros and cons prior to taking a decision.

Benefits of Cloud Computing:

1. Cloud Services are cost effective

Many organizations are holding back the idea of migrating to the cloud, mainly because they think it is expensive. You need to evaluate the ROI instead of the cost of the services. Some businesses are concerned that they will be paying for features that they don't use. However, cloud offers pay as you go facility so that you only pay for what you use.

2. Scalability

When you use Cloud services, you can easily scale your business as there is no limit to the storage provided.

3. Mobility

Cloud facilitates accessing data on mobiles. With 2.6 billion smartphone users globally, you can rest assured that each of your team members can easily access the data irrespective of his/her location.

4. Better Collaboration

Since various entities associated with your business can access data from anywhere at any time, collaboration becomes easy.

5. Data Insights

Many Cloud-based platforms offer integrated cloud analytics to access relevant data easily.

Although Cloud computing offers numerous benefits to an organization, there are certain challenges it has.

Challenges of Cloud Computing:

1. Cost

Cloud computing, as such, is not expensive but expenses play a role when a platform needs to be tuned according to the needs of an organization. Besides, transferring data in case of short-term projects can also prove to be expensive.

2. Downtime

Downtime is an inherent shortcoming of cloud computing. No cloud provider can promise services that will be devoid of downtimes.

Besides when a company is thinking of migrating to the cloud, they need to ensure that they have good internet connectivity otherwise they will face problems with the cloud.

3. Security

One of the major shortcomings of cloud computing is the security of data. As per a survey by 2018 Crowd Research Partners, 67% of security professionals are concerned about data loss and leakage, 61% about data privacy, and 53% about breaches of confidentiality.

Businesses need to ensure the security of their data by encrypting confidential data and using passwords to secure their data wherever possible.

4. Vendor Lock-in

Currently, some of the major vendors in public Cloud hosting are Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, and IBM cloud. This creates a specter of vendor lock-in.

After weighing the pros and cons, if you have decided to migrate to the cloud, you need to choose a reliable cloud service provider.

Some of the best cloud providers are:

  • Amazon Web Services
  • Microsoft Azure
  • Google Cloud Platform
  • Adobe
  • Kamatera
  • PhoenixNAP

You will need to choose cloud storage that fulfills your needs. Cloud storage is provided free or at a monthly fee.

Some of the best cloud storage providers are:

Free Cloud Storage

  • Google Drive
  • pCloud
  • Microsoft One Drive

Paid Cloud Storage

  • IDrive Cloud Storage
  • Zoolz Cloud Storage
  • Degoo Cloud Storage

After choosing the cloud service provider and the type of storage, you can migrate easily to cloud with the help of Cloud connect. Cloud connect from internet solutions offers a single, secure link to connect to various public cloud platforms and cloud service providers.

Looking Ahead

Cloud offers many facilities to businesses. Besides, outsourcing to the cloud helps a business save its time, efforts, and money which it can channelize for the growth of the business. Cloud services have become popular across various sectors globally. Things definitely look bright for the Cloud- Cloud adoption Statistics reveal that by 2020 a staggering 83% of the company workload will be stored in the cloud. (Source: LogicMonitor/Forbes)